Vijay Diwas Indo-Pak War 1971

Vijay Diwas Indo-Pak War 1971

 3rd December 1971 – 16th December 1971 

Commemoration Day: 16th Dec

Operation: 1971 Cactus-Lily

Martyrs: 2500-3800

Awards: 4 PVC, 75 MVC & 299 Vr C

Vijay Diwas Indo-Pak War 1971

Vijay Diwas is commemorated on every 16 Dec to mark India’s victory over Pakistan in the 1971 war and to remember the sacrifices of her valiant soldiers. The beginning of the Indo-Pak War of 1971 goes back to the Bangladesh Liberation War of 1970, a revolution that began with the refusal of the West Pakistan’s ‘Pakistan People’s Party’ to yield the premiership to Sheik Mujibur Rahman, leader of the Awami League, despite an absolute majority in the 1970 Pakistani elections. Following this was a cruel massacre of Biharis in East Pakistan, which in turn led to a retaliation in the form of Operation Searchlight by West Pakistan.

 

Following this was a cruel massacre of Biharis in East Pakistan, which in turn led to a retaliation in the form of Operation Searchlight by West Pakistan. By March, 1971, after a series of strikes, non-cooperation movements, and military involvement which led to the death, arrest and exile of many Awami League members and intellectuals of East Pakistan, the Awami League leaders declared independence of Bangladesh and formed a government in exile.A widespread genocide by the West Pakistani military forces, targeting Bengalis and Hindus in East Pakistan, led to a huge number of refugees, as much as 10 million, taking shelter in India. On 27th March, the then Prime Minister, Indira Gandhi decided that war with Pakistan would be more economical and in April, General Manekshaw was asked to ‘Go into East Pakistan’. By November, thousands of West Pakistan forces marched towards the border, and the massive Indian forces responded to this threat.

 

A widespread genocide by the West Pakistani military forces, targeting Bengalis and Hindus in East Pakistan, led to a huge number of refugees, as much as 10 million, taking shelter in India. On 27th March, the then Prime Minister, Indira Gandhi decided that war with Pakistan would be more economical and in April, General Manekshaw was asked to ‘Go into East Pakistan’. By November, thousands of West Pakistan forces marched towards the border, and the massive Indian forces responded to this threat.On 3rd December, eleven airfields in north-western India were the targets of a massive pre-emptive air strike by the Pakistani Air Force, marking the declaration of war. The Indian military mobilized troops immediately and that very night, the Indian Air Force retaliated with an initial air strike.

 

On 3rd December, eleven airfields in north-western India were the targets of a massive pre-emptive air strike by the Pakistani Air Force, marking the declaration of war. The Indian military mobilized troops immediately and that very night, the Indian Air Force retaliated with an initial air strike. A thirteen-day war ensued, where the Indian forces coordinated a massive air, sea, and land assault. Despite Pakistani forces attacking the borders on the west, the Indian troops held their ground, while on the eastern front, they launched a massive attack employing blitzkrieg techniques. Within a fortnight, the Pakistani military faced heavy casualties and met with insurmountable loss. On 16th December, the West Pakistan forces stationed in East Pakistan surrendered.The Instrument of Surrender was signed on this day and the short but vicious war came to an end. It was a clear victory for the Indian military and the war stripped Pakistan of nearly half of their population and

 

The Instrument of Surrender was signed on this day and the short but vicious war came to an end. It was a clear victory for the Indian military and the war stripped Pakistan of nearly half of their population and one-third of their army was in captivity. The 1972 Simla Agreement resulted in the release of the Pakistani prisoners of war, the recognition of Bangladesh as an independent State and the ceding of land captured by Indian troops during the war.

 

The bravery of the Indian troops, exemplary skill, determination and above all, love for the country brought this historic victory, which changed the course of history for the Indian subcontinent forever. Around 2,500 to 3,800 Indian soldiers were killed in the war and 45 air crafts were destroyed. It is the duty of every Indian to remember these brave hearts, who made their supreme sacrifice for our safe and brighter tomorrow.

The Indo-Pakistan War of 1971 lasted for thirteen days, making it one of the shortest wars in history. During the crisis between East and West Pakistan, in the year 1971, a struggle for independence was born. With the increasingly brutal effects of the Bangladesh Liberation War, refugees starting pouring into the already economically strained state of India. India could no longer bear a passive witness to the struggle and decided to intervene, leading to the infamous Indo-Pak War of 1971.

 

The war was fought on two fronts. One was fought in the region of East Pakistan and saw active offense by the Indian Army. The other was fought on the western front, with a more complex series of naval and ground attack.

 

BACKGROUND:

 

The Indo-Pakistan War of 1971 was sparked by the Bangladesh Liberation war. In the 1970 Pakistani elections, the Awami League of East Pakistan secured an absolute majority and consequently should have claimed the premiership of Pakistan. However, the leader of the Pakistan People’s Party of the traditionally dominant West Pakistan refused their claims.

 

Following this, there was widespread dissent among the people of East Pakistan. The then President Yahya Khan called on the military to suppress the dissent and on the 1st of March, he convened the National Assembly. In retaliation, they began targeting ethnic Bihari people who had supported West Pakistan. Nearly 300 members of the Bihari community were killed in early March.

 

This, in turn, paved the way for West Pakistan to commence Operation Searchlight. On 25th March, the military was deployed into East Pakistan to disarm soldiers and police. That very night, Dhaka witnessed widespread chaos as Awami League leaders were banished and arrested. Operation Searchlight followed as the military was instructed to eliminate all political and military opposition.

 

On 26 March 1971, Ziaur Rahman declared the independence of Bangladesh on behalf of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman.

 

Shortly after this, in April, the exiled Awami leaders formed a ‘government-in-exile’ and the Mukti Bahini was formed under the Commander-in-Chief General Mohammad Ataul Ghani Osmany.

 

INDIA’S INVOLVEMENT WITH THE LIBERATION WAR:

 

Following Operation Searchlight, West Pakistan was engaged in atrocious genocide against the East Pakistan people, targeting the Bengali population and particularly the Hindu community. This, in turn, led to the fleeing of around 10 million refugees into Indian states. The East Indian border was opened by India and camps were set up in the East and North East to provide the refugees safe shelter. This set up a severe strain on the Indian economy.

 

On 27th March 1971, Indira Gandhi expressed her support for the Bangladesh independence struggle. She decided that war with Pakistan would be the most economical solution and on 28th April, the Cabinet asked General Manekshaw to go into East Pakistan. By the end of September, the refugee camps witnessed recruiting and training of troops and the air in Pakistan had changed as well. People were campaigning to ‘Crush India’.

 

OFFICIAL ENGAGEMENT WITH PAKISTAN:

 

By the month of November it seemed that the war was inevitable. Indian troops began building up near the Eastern border. The Indian military waited for winter when the Himalayan passes would be blocked by the snow, successfully preventing participation of the Chinese, who were supporting Pakistan.

 

The 23rd of November witnessed President Yahya Khan declaring a state of emergency and instructing his people to prepare for war.

 

The official beginning of the war occurred on the evening of 3rd December. Pakistani air force launched pre-emptive airstrike on eleven Indian airfields. However, this attempt, known as Operation Chengiz Khan, was unsuccessful and Prime Minister Indira Gandhi announced that the strikes were a declaration of war against India. The Indian Air Force retaliated that very night and launched a counter attack, achieving aerial superiority.

 

Following this Indira Gandhi ordered the mobilisation of troops and launched a full-scale invasion with an integrated air, sea and land attack.

 

NAVAL OPERATIONS:

 

On the eastern front, the Indian Eastern Naval Command, under the leadership of Vice Admiral Krishnan, completely isolated East Pakistan by means of a naval blockade in the Bay of Bengal, trapping the Eastern Pakistani Navy and eight foreign merchant ships in their ports.INS launches an Alize aircraft

 

The aircraft carrier INS Vikrant was deployed on the 4th of December, and its Sea Hawk fighter-bombers attacked many coastal towns in East Pakistan including Chittagong. Pakistan attempted to retaliate deploying the deadly submarine PNS Ghazi, however it sank off Visakhapatnam’s coast, presumably due to a strategy developed by the Vice Admiral to trick the Pakistani naval forces.

 

On 9th December, the Indian Navy lost the INS Khukri at the hands of the Pakistani submarine PNS Hangor.

 

navalOn the western front of the war, the Indian Navy, under the command of Vice Admiral S.N. Kohli, launched Operation Trident on the night of 4th December. They managed to successfully attack Karachi’s port using missile boats and sank Pakistani destroyer PNS Khyber and minesweeper PNS Muhafiz, also damaging PNS Shah Jahan. In response to this, Pakistani submarines were deployed to destroy Indian warships. However, a huge number of Pakistani sailors were killed and they many ships, submarines and were slowly running out of fuel, thus crippling the Pakistan Navy’s involvement.

 

On the 8th of December, Operation Python was launched and Indian missile boats attacked the Karachi port, causing still more destruction of fuel tanks. They also sank of three Pakistani merchant ships.

Considering the naval hostilities, India achieved a clear victory, taking down nearly half of Pakistan’s naval forces.

 

AIR OPERATIONS:

 

On the aerial front, the IAF acted in quick response to the pre-emptive strikes on the airbases. They established a mass retaliation to IAF Crossing border 1971the airstrikes and continued to battle the PAF over the conflict zone. Whereas, the PAF took up a more defensive stand. Their numbers slowly dwindled in the air battle and soon, the IAF had easily outnumbered them. The PAF did not assist during India’s raid on the naval port of Karachi, but bombed the Okha harbour is response. However, the air contingent of PAF No. 14 Sqn was annihilated, successfully rendering the Dhaka airfield useless, ultimately leading to Indian aerial superiority in the east.

 

Through the length of the war, the IAF was able to conduct a wide range of missions including troop support, air combat, deep penetration strikes, para-dropping behind enemy lines, feints to draw enemy fighters away from the actual target, bombing, and reconnaissance. Meanwhile, the Pakistan Air Force, was solely focused on air combat and defending their own bases. The IAF held a huge upper hand over the PAF and quickly established superiority, changing the course of the war.

 

GROUND OPERATIONS:

 

1971 ground OperationsOn the western front, Pakistani troops attacked at various positions along the border, however, their attempts were foiled by the Indian army who held their position. They also advanced towards Pakistani territory and made some initial gain, which would later be relinquished back to Pakistan.

In the east, the Indian Army and the Mukti Bahini (Bangladeshi forces) joined together and adopted a proficient strategy. They launched a swift, three pronged assault of nine infantry divisions with attacked armoured units and close air support to converge on Dhaka. As these forces attacked Pakistani formations, the Indian Air Force destroyed the air contingent in East Pakistan and put the Dhaka airfield out of commission while the Indian Navy blockaded any maritime help, thus isolating East Pakistan from the offenses of West Pakistan.1971 Tank

Within a short span of thirteen days, the effective strategies of the Indian military and the spirit of the Indian troops brought a swift victory to India. Pakistani forces incurred great losses on naval, air and ground fronts and their military had to withdraw.

SURRENDER OF PAKISTAN AND AFTERMATH:

 

On 16 December, Pakistani forces in East Pakistan, faced with great losses, surrendered. The ‘Instrument of Surrender’ was signed at Ramna Race Course in Dhaka on the same day, by Lieutenant General Jagjit Singh Aurora, General Officer Commanding-in-chief of Eastern Command of the Indian Army and Lieutenant General A. A. K. Niazi, Commander of Pakistani forces in East Pakistan.

 

In 1972, the ‘Simla Agreement’ was signed between India and Pakistan, ensuring that Pakistan recognised the independence of Bangladesh in exchange for the return of the Pakistani POWs.

 

Mujibur Rahman was released from prison, and returned to Dhaka on 10 January 1972. He became the first President of Bangladesh.

Date(1971) Event
7 Mar Sheikh Mujibur Rahman declares that “The current struggle is a struggle for independence”, in Dhaka.
25 Mar West Pakistani forces commence Operation Searchlight. Thousands of people are killed in student dormitories and police barracks in Dhaka.
26 Mar Sheikh Mujibur Rahman signed an official declaration of independence and sent it through a radio message. Major Ziaur Rahman and other Awami League leaders announced the declaration of independence on behalf of Sheikh Mujib from Kalurghat Radio Station,Chittagong. The message was relayed to the world by Indian radio stations.
27 Mar Bangladesh Force namely Mukti Bahini was formed under the Commander-in-Chief General Mohammad Ataul Ghani Osmany.
17 Apr Exiled leaders of Awami League form a provisional government.
3 Dec West Pakistan launches a series of preemptive air strikes on Indian airfields. The war officially begins. IAF launches air strikes against infiltrators.
6 Dec East Pakistan is recognised as an independent Bangladesh by India.
14 Dec Systematic elimination of Bengali intellectuals is started by Pakistani Army and local collaborators
16 Dec Lieutenant-General A. A. K. Niazi, supreme commander of Pakistani Army in East Pakistan, surrenders to the Allied Forces. India and Bangladesh are victorious.
12 Jan 1972 Sheikh Mujibur Rahman comes to power

                      ARMY                                                                   NAVY                                                                       AIR FORCE

     
PARAM VIR CHAKRA MAHA VIR CHAKRA PARAM VIR CHAKRA
     
Major Hoshiar Singh Capt Swaraj Parkash Fg Off Nirmaljit Singh Sekhon*
2nd Lt Arun Khetarpal* Capt Mahendra Nath Mulla*  
Lance Naik Albert Ekka* Cdr Kasargod Patnashetti Gopal Rao MAHA VIR CHAKRA
  Cdr Mohan Narayan Rao Samant  
MAHA VIR CHAKRA Cdr Babru Bahan Yadav Gp Capt Chandan Singh
  Lt Cdr Santosh Kumar Gupta Wg Cdr Padmanabha Gautam
Brigadier Anand Sarup Lt Cdr Joseph Pius Alfred Noronha Wg Cdr Ramesh Sakharam Benegal
Brigadier Joginder Singh Bakshi Leading Seaman Chanam Singh Wg Cdr Allan Albert D’Costa
Brigadier Joginder Singh Gharaya   Wg Cdr Swaroop Krishna Kaul
Brigadier Krishnaswamy Gowri Shankar VIR CHAKRA Wg Cdr Harcharan Singh Mangat
Brigadier Hardev Singh Kler   Wg Cdr Cecil Vivian Parker
Brigadier Anthony Harold Edward Michigan Capt Padavupurackal Chandy Andrews Wg Cdr Man Mohan Bir Singh Talwar
Brigadier Anant Vishwanath Natu Capt Manohar Pralhad Awati Wg Cdr Vidya Bhushan Vasisht
Brigadier Kailash Prasad Pande Capt Rustom Khushro Shapoorjee Ghandhi Sqn Ldr Madhavendra Banerji
Brigadier Sant Singh Capt Kumara Madhava Velappan Nair Sqn Ldr Ravinder Nath Bhardwaj
Brigadier Mohindar Lal Whig Capt Jagdish Chandra Puri  
Brigadier Arun Shridhar Vaidya Cdr Rajinder Singh Grewal VIR CHAKRA
Colonel Udai Singh Cdr Ravindar Das Dhir  
Lt Col Hanut Singh Cdr Benoy Roychowdhury Gp Capt Robert Arnold Weir
Lt Col Sukhjit Singh Cdr Roy Joseph Millan Gp Capt Manmohan Singh
Lt Col Raj Mohan Vohra Cdr Ommen Mukadavil Ommen Wg Cdr Arun Kanti Mukherjee
Lt Col Narinder Singh Sandhu Cdr Subir Paul Wg Cdr Keshev Chandra Aggarwal
Lt Col Ved Prakash Airy Cdr Laxminarayan Ramdas Wg Cdr Bhupendra Kumar Bishnoi
Lt Col Chittoor Venugopal Cdr Suresh Kumar Sabhlok Wg Cdr Donald Melvyn Conquest
Lt Col Arun Bhimrao Harolikar Cdr Vijay Singh Shekhawat Wg Cdr Harser Singh Gill*
Lt Col Shamsher Singh Cdr Rishi Raj Sood Wg Cdr Krishan Kumar Badhwar
Lt Col Surinder Kapur Cdr Kailash Nath Zadu Wg Cdr Murari Lal Trehon
Lt Col Ved Prakash Ghai Lt Cdr Ashwani Kumar Mehra Wg Cdr Narinder Chatrath
Lt Col Kulwant Singh Pannu Lt Cdr Saurirajulu Ramsagar Wg Cdr Ramanathan Sundarsan
Lt Col Sawai Bhawani Singh Lt Cdr Ashok Roy* Wg Cdr Ravindar Nath Dogra
Lt Col Rajkumar Singh Lt Cdr Sankar Prasad Ghosh Sqn Ldr Arya Bhushan Lamba
Lt Col Rattan Nath Sharma Lt Cdr Inder Singh Sqn Ldr Allan David Alley
Lt Col Prem Kumar Khanna Lt Cdr Vijai Jerath Sqn Ldr Anil Kumar Bhadra
Lt Col Kashmiri Lal Rattan Lt Cdr Bahadur Nariman Kavina Sqn Ldr Ashok Prataprao Shinde
Lt Col Harish Chandra Pathak Lt Cdr George Martis Sqn Ldr Charanjit Singh
Major Amarjit Singh Bal Lt Cdr Om Prakash Mehta Sqn Ldr Dinesh Chandra Bhandari
Major Daljit Singh Narang Lt Cdr Prabhat Kumar Sqn Ldr Dilip Kumar Dass
Major Anup Singh Gahlaut Lt Cdr Jayanta Kumar Roychoudhury Sqn Ldr Dhirendra Singh Jafa
Major Vijay Rattan Chowdhary Lt Cdr Rajat Kumar Sen Sqn Ldr Farokh Jehangir Mehta
Major Dharam Vir Singh Lt Cdr Inderjit Sharma Sqn Ldr Gursaran Singh Ahluwalia
Major Chewang Rinchen Lt Cdr Joginder Krishan Suri Sqn Ldr Charanjit Singh Sandhu
Major Vijay Kumar Berry Lt Arun Prakash Sqn Ldr Ghanshyam Singh Thapa
Major Kuldip Singh Chandpuri Lt Bipinchandra Bhaskar Bhagwat Sqn Ldr Iqbal Singh Bindra
Major Basdev Singh Mankotia Lt Virendra Kumar Datta Sqn Ldr Jal Maniksha Mistry*
Major Jaivir Singh Lt Keshar Singh Panwar Sqn Ldr Jasbir Singh
Captain Pradip Kumar Gour* Lt Prem Kumar Sqn Ldr Jasjit Singh
Captain Devinder Singh Ahlawat Lt Raminder Singh Sodhi Sqn Ldr Jiwa Singh*
Captain Shankar Rao Shankhapan Walkar Lt Vijai Prakash Kapil Sqn Ldr Krishan Kumar Bakshi
2nd Lt Shamsher Singh Samra Lt Suresh Kumar Mitter Sqn Ldr Kalyan Kumar Dutta
Sub Malkiat Singh Lt Suresh Gajanan Samant Sqn Ldr Kirpal Singh
Sub Mohinder Singh Surgeon Lt Sudhansu Sekhar Panda Sqn Ldr Mohinder Kumar Jain*
Havildar Bir Bahadur Pun Sub Lt Ashok Kumar Sqn Ldr Preet Pal Singh Gill
Havildar Thomas Phillipose Ch. Pty. Off. Mughilissery Ouseph Thomachan Sqn Ldr Ramesh Chander Kohli
Naik Sugan Singh Pty. Off. Ravinder Nath Sharma Sqn Ldr Ramesh Chander Sachdeva*
Lance Naik Nar Bahadur Chhetri Master CEA 2nd Class Megh Nath Sangal Sqn Ldr Ravindra Nath Bali
Lance Naik Ram Ugram Pandey Mech. 3rd Class Lakhman Kumar Chakrabarty Sqn Ldr Suresh Damodar Karnik
Lance Naik Drig Pal Singh Leading Elec. Mate Kapallisai Raju Sqn Ldr Sanjay Kumar Choudhury
Lance Naik Shangara Singh   Sqn Ldr Sindhaghatta Subbaramu
Sepoy Ansuya Prasad   Sqn Ldr Vinod Kumar Bhatia
Sepoy Pandurang Salunkhe   Sqn Ldr Vishnu Narain Johri
Rifleman Pati Ram Gurung   Flt Lt Aruna Kumar Datta
Rifleman Dil Bahadur Chettri   Flt Lt Ashok Kumar Singh
    Flt Lt Arun Laxman Deoskar
VIR CHAKRA   Flt Lt Andre Rudolph Da Costa*
    Flt Lt Aspari Raghunath
Lt Col Narendra Nath Rawat   Flt Lt Apramjeet Singh
Lt Col Patrick Ian Lawlor   Flt Lt Aditya Vikram Pethia
Lt Col Prakash Chander Sawhney   Flt Lt Arun Vasant Sathaye
Lt Col Bhartruhari Trimbak Pandit   Flt Lt Bharat Bhushan Soni
Lt Col Prasanta Coomar Purkayastha   Flt Lt Cherry Hassand Rane
Lt Col Raj Singh   Flt Lt C S Chandrasekaran
Lt Col Satinder Kumar Kapoor   Flt Lt Dinesh Chander Nayyar
Lt Col Suresh Chandra Gupta   Flt Lt Dilip Kamalakar Dighe
Lt Col Jasbir Pal Singh   Flt Lt Govind Chandra Singh Rajwar
Lt Col Francis Tiburtius Dias   Flt Lt Chandra Mohan Singla
Lt Col Ran Bahadur Gurung   Flt Lt Gurdev Singh Rai*
Lt Col Raj Kumar Suri   Flt Lt Harbans Perminder Singh
Lt Col Kuldip Singh Brar   Flt Lt Hemant Sharat Kumar Sardesai
Lt Col Amarjeet Singh Brar   Flt Lt Syed Iqbal Ali
Major Atma Singh Hansra   Flt Lt Jagdamba Prasad Saklani
Major Suraj Jit Chaudhari   Flt Lt J P Singh
Major Govind Singh   Flt Lt Kuldeep Singh Sahota
Major Ravinder Datt Law   Flt Lt Kukke Sreekantasastry Suresh
Major Kamal Nanda   Flt Lt Lawrence Fredric Pereira*
Major Malvinder Singh Shergill   Flt Lt Nandepanda Appachu Ganapathy
Major Harish Kumar Chopra   Flt Lt Mahabir Prasad Premi
Major Kitkule Prakash Digamber   Flt Lt Manjit Singh Dhillon
Major Manjit Singh Dugal   Flt Lt Melvinder Singh Grewal
Major Virender Singh Ruhil   Flt Lt Mohinder Singh Sandhu
Major Pradeep Kumar Sharma   Flt Lt Manjit Singh Sekhon
Major Davinder Pal Singh   Flt Lt Manbir Singh
Major Harpal Singh Grewal   Flt Lt Nitin Gajanan Junnarkar
Major Manoptkia Mandappa Ravi   Flt Lt Niraj Kukreja
Major Baldev Raj Bhola   Flt Lt Roy Andrew Massey
Major Surinder Singh Jamwal   Flt Lt Prem Bhushan Kalra
Major Vijay Kumar Bhaskar   Flt Lt P D Gupta
Major Surinder Vatsa   Flt Lt Pushpa Kumar Vaid
Major Mahmood Hasan Khan   Flt Lt Parminder Paul Singh Kwatra
Major Survendra Singh Negi   Flt Lt Parvez Rustom Jamasji
Major Jagmal Singh Rathore   Flt Lt Pradip Vinayak Apte*
Major Shyamveer Singh Rathore   Flt Lt Ramesh Chander Gosain
Major Gopal Krishan Trivedi   Flt Lt Robindra Kumar Sinha
Major Vijay Kumar Vaid   Flt Lt Rajendra Singh Wahi
Major Krishna Kumar Prodhan   Flt Lt Samar Bikram Shah
Major Vinod Bhanot   Flt Lt Sukrutaraj Jayandra
Major Amlan Pratap Datta   Flt Lt Shivinder Singh Bains
Major Appasaheb Dadasaheb Surve   Flt Lt Syed Shahid Hussain Naqvi
Major Kuldip Singh Gill   Flt Lt Surinder Singh Malhotra
Major Sheel Kumar Puri   Flt Lt Vinod Kumar Neb
Major Bikal Kishan Das Badgel   Flt Lt Vijay Kumar Wahi*
Major Abjeet Singh Mamik   Flt Lt Winston Rabinder Sanjeeva Rao
Major Vetri K. Nathan   Flt Lt Partha Dasgupta
Major Jai Bahagvan Singh Yadava   Flt Lt Chidambaran Sargangapani
Major Chandra Kant   Flt Lt Yogendra Prasad Singh
Major Inder Prakash Kharbanda   Fg Off Balchandra Chengapa Karumbaya
Major Ashok Kumar Tara   Fg Off Bartan Ramesh
Major Anantanarayanan Krishana swamy   Fg Off Donald Lazarus
Major Hardev Singh Grewal   Fg Off Harish Masand
Major Narain Singh   Fg Off Jai Singh Gahlawat
Major Harish Chandra Sharma   Fg Off Kariyadil Cheriyan Kuruvilla
Major Sukhpal Singh   Fg Off Kishan Lakhimal Malkani*
Major Kailaina Chongthu   Fg Off Mohan Dikshit
Major Kuppanda Ponnappa Nanjappa   Fg Off Sankaranarayanan Balasubramanian
Major Narinder Kumar Sharma   Fg Off Satish Chandra Sharma
Major Sunhara Singh   Fg Off Sukhdev Singh Dhillon
Major Sarlejeet Singh Ahluwalia   Fg Off Sudhir Tyagi*
Naik Appukuttan Sahadevan    
Naik Jajula Sanyasi    
Naik Ankush Mahadev Chawan    
Naik Eknath Kardile    
Naik Maruti Nakil    
Naik Shamu Bhosle    
Naik Nihal Singh    
Naik Khajur Singh    
Naik Raja Singh    
Naik Ramesh Chand    
Naik Raghubir Singh    
Naik Gurjant Singh    
Naik Mohinder Singh    
Naik Naib Singh    
Lance Naik Shreepati Singh    
Lance Naik Gabar Singh Negi    
Lance Naik Raghunath Singh    
Lance Naik Narjang Gurung    
Lance Naik Umar Singh Gurung    
Lance Naik Om Bahadur Chhetri    
Lance Naik Gobardhan Adhikari    
Lance Naik Balbahadur Gurung    
Lance Naik Magar Singh    
Lance Naik Megh Raj    
Lance Naik Durga Datt    
Lance Naik Janak Singh    
Lance Naik Mohan Lal    
Lance Naik Bisheshwar Singh    
Lance Naik Abhey Ram    
Sepoy Ganga Singh    
Sepoy Mohmad Iqbal    
Sepoy Kolli John Christapher    
Sepoy Kashinath Sivrudra Kamble    
Sepoy Kharak Singh    
Sepoy Kachru Salve    
Sepoy Kisan Rao Jagadale    
Sepoy Hanumant Krishna More    
Sepoy Avtar Singh    
Sepoy Banwari Lal    
Sepoy Jagjit Singh    
Sepoy Mehar Singh    
Sepoy Sampuran Singh    
Sepoy Birdha Ram    
Sepoy Satyawan Singh    
Sepoy Udai Raj Singh    
Sepoy Mohan Singh    
Sepoy Rachhpal Singh    
Sepoy Sampuran Singh    
Sepoy Boota Singh    
Sepoy Karnail Singh    
Sepoy Swaran Singh    
Grenadier Amrit    
Grenadier Gorakh Ram    
Grenadier Gurbax Singh    
Grenadier Mangal Singh    
Grenadier Marud Khan    
Grenadier Rafiq Khan    
Grenadier Ram Kumar    
Gunner Armugam*    
Gunner Bhadreswar Pathak*    
Gunner Ajit Singh    
Gunner Tek Ram    
Rifleman Makar Singh Negi    
Rifleman Moti Kumar Newar    
Rifleman Man Bahadur Pun    
Rifleman Udae Bahadur Khatri    
Rifleman Prem Bahadur Thapa    
Rifleman Phas Bahadur Pun    
Rifleman Dalip Singh Thapa    
Rifleman Dhan Bahadur Rai    
Rifleman Chagan Singh    
Rifleman Prem Singh    
Sapper Durga Shanker Paliwal    
Sowar Jai Singh    
Sowar Mohan Singh    
Guardsman Brij Lal    
Paratrooper Vaijnath Shinge    
NC Mangat Ram    
Captain Sivasankara Pillai Surendra Nath
Captain Gopalam Lakshminarayana Swamy
Captain Raghunath Prashad Chaturvedi
Captain Vanchitatil Oommen Cherian
Rifleman Padampeem Bahadur Thapa
Lance Naik Chandraket Prasad Yadav

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34 Comments
  • Akshath Rakesh

    2022at5:55 pm Reply

    I pay a tribute to these heroes and they will always be within our hearts . We should always remember them , there sacrifice has brought us peace . This is the 51st year after the indo-pak war and every 16th december we are commemorating as Vijay Diwas to mark india’s victory over pakistan .Around 2,500 to 3,800 Indian soldiers were killed in the war and 45 air crafts were destroyed.
    Jai Hind!.
    Akshath Rakesh
    class 7F

  • Parvathy S. Pillai

    2022at7:52 pm Reply

    Parvathy S. Pillai

    Name- Parvathy S. Pillai , School- New Horizon Gurukul, Class- 7F

    Thank you, to all the soldiers who have sacrificed their lives for the safety of our motherland. Thank you for protecting our lives so that we can be with our families.

    Thank you to the REAL HEROS.

    Jai Hind!

  • Parth Ratan

    2022at8:24 pm Reply

    Parth Ratan
    School – New Horizon Gurukul
    Class – 7F

    1971 war was not India’s war to fight, but we had to interfere to help out our fellow neighbours who were being persecuted and tortured in East Pakistan. Indian armed forces along with navy and air force showed great courage and laid down their lives to defeat sinister Pakistan. It is their valiant efforts that ensured Pakistan suffered a humiliating defeat and led to world’s largest armed forces surrender. We pay our tributes to all the brave Indian soldiers who had lost their lives.
    Jai Hind!

  • Name- Krutarth Bhavsar, School- New Horizon Gurukul, Class-7F

    2022at9:18 pm Reply

    When the commander or the Chief says “How’s the Josh?” the soldiers say “High Sir!’ they say this not for the sake of saying they really have the courage to fight for our country, In the Indo-Pak war 1971 there where so many soldiers who were martyred, not everyone can understand the pain unless and until someone from their own family who used to work for the army died while battling, When a mother sends her son to join the army, sends her son whithout fearing that if he will come back or not, From this I remember a quote said by Vikram Batra “Either I will come back after hoisting the Tricolour (Indian flag), or I will come back wrapped in it, but I will be back for sure.” May our soldiers defeat the opponents and show valour.
    Jai Hind!

  • Harshwardhan Chavan

    2022at10:02 pm Reply

    Harshwardhan Chavan
    Gunner Laxman K Jadhav
    Gunner Laxman Jadhav hailed from Matewan village in Dapoli tehsil of Ratnagiri district in Maharashtra. Son of Shri Kashi Ram, Gnr Laxman Jadhav was born on 21st Nov 1944. After completing his initial education, he joined the Army on 21 Nov 1962 at the age of 18 Years. He was recruited into 216 Med Regt of the Regiment of Artillery, an important combat arm of the Indian Army. After serving for some time, he got married to Ms. Kamalawati. By the year 1971, Gnr Laxman Jadhav had put in around 09 years of service after having worked in various operational areas. Battle of Chhamb (Indo-Pak War)- 05 Dec 1971

    During Indo- Pak 1971 war Gunner Laxman K Jadhav’s unit, 216 Med Regt was deployed on the western border. The unit was deployed in the Chhamb sector under the operational control of the 10 Infantry Division. The Battle of Chhamb of 1971 war was an epic feat of arms. It stood out as one of the most important battles of all three Indo-Pak wars in terms of operational strategy, small unit actions, and handling of armor. The Chhamb sector was bounded by the ceasefire line/international border in the west and south while a range of hills constituted its northern portion running roughly in an east-west line. Some ridges, however, jutted downwards from this range of hills and ran along a north-south alignment, the most prominent of these being the Phagla Sakrana Bridge. 216 Med Regt was deployed at Chapriyal area, East of Munawar Tawi under the operational control of 10 Div Artillery Brigade, commanded by Brig Hari Srinivasan.

    As part of ongoing operations, Gnr Jadhav and his comrades were deployed at Chapriyal area under the command of Lt Col ML Sethi to support the infantry operations. Gnr Jadhav was part of the team that was occupying a key position for the defense of Chhamb, when the enemy launched an attack on the night of 04 December 1971. The attack continued throughout that night and thereafter for sixteen hours but Gnr Jadhav held on gallantly along with his comrades and thwarted the enemy’s advance.

    However as the position was of strategic importance to the enemy, it launched another attack on the 5th morning, preceded by heavy artillery fire. Gnr Jadhav once again swung into action to retaliate forcefully. However, while doing so, Gnr Jadhav got hit by a shell and was martyred. A total of two officers, two junior commissioned officers (JCOs), and 64 other ranks of the regiment, including the CO, Lt Col M L Sethi, weres martyred during the entire operation. Gnr Jadhav displayed admirable grit, and devotion to duty during the operation and laid down his life in the

    Name-Harshwardhan Chavan
    School-Hew Horizon Gurukul
    Grade-7

  • Jashith

    2022at7:21 am Reply

    Jashith P | New Horizon Gurukul | 7F

    Our jawans are our real heroes, we can never forget their sacrifice. They are immortal for us.
    Their sacrifice for our country was very remarkable and appreciated by everyone.

    Jai Hind !

  • T. Joshith Reddy

    2022at2:07 pm Reply

    Name- T. Joshith Reddy, School- New Horizon Gurukul, Class- 7F
    Our brave soldiers gave their lives to protect our motherland during Kargil Vijay Diwas. I pay tribute to the fallen heroes for saving our motherland.
    Jai Hind!

  • Aarav Nair

    2022at6:39 pm Reply

    Aarav Nair
    School – New Horizon Gurukul
    Class – 7F

    I would like to pay tribute from bottom of my heart to all heroes who fought the 1971 Indo Pak war. Our soldiers fought this war to ensure that citizens of east Pakistan are not persecuted by West Pakistan army and also to ensure there is stability in our eastern border. Our soldier fought this war and many laid down their lives but we came out victorious by defeating Pakistan and helping to form an new independent country Bangladesh.
    Jai Hind !

  • Laasya Tammisetty

    2022at7:25 pm Reply

    Laasya Tammisetty | New Horizon Gurukul | 7F
    December 16 is a very significant day for India and its neighbour Bangladesh and Pakistan. On this day, 50 years ago, our India forced Pakistan to kneel during the Indo-Pak war of 1971 marking the largest military surrender after World War II.
    So, on Vijay Diwas, let us recall the valour of our soldiers that affirmed our nation’s unwavering commitment to defend our sovereignty and protect human dignity. Their martyrdom in the 1971 war had shown unparalleled grit & prowess of our forces. The nation is eternally indebted to them.
    JAI HIND !
    JAI BHARAT !

  • Laasya Tammisetty

    2022at8:00 pm Reply

    Laasya Tammisetty | New Horizon Gurukul | 7F
    Capt KC Dharashivkar
    Capt KC Dharashivkar was a very motivated and inspiring officer, who always led his men from the front. Capt KC Dharashivkar laid down his life at the age of 23 years in the service of the nation, following the highest traditions of the Indian Army.
    Despite being injured directed his troops to inform the unit and launched evacuation operation. However before the unit could evacuate Capt Dharashivkar for treatment, he succumbed to his injuries and was martyred.
    JAI HIND!
    JAI BHARAT!

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