Vijay Diwas Indo-Pak War 1971
Vijay Diwas Indo-Pak War 1971
3rd December 1971 – 16th December 1971
Commemoration Day: 16th Dec
Operation: 1971 Cactus-Lily
Awards: 4 PVC, 75 MVC & 299 Vr C
Vijay Diwas Indo-Pak War 1971
Vijay Diwas is commemorated on every 16 Dec to mark India’s victory over Pakistan in the 1971 war and to remember the sacrifices of her valiant soldiers. The beginning of the Indo-Pak War of 1971 goes back to the Bangladesh Liberation War of 1970, a revolution that began with the refusal of the West Pakistan’s ‘Pakistan People’s Party’ to yield the premiership to Sheik Mujibur Rahman, leader of the Awami League, despite an absolute majority in the 1970 Pakistani elections. Following this was a cruel massacre of Biharis in East Pakistan, which in turn led to a retaliation in the form of Operation Searchlight by West Pakistan.
Following this was a cruel massacre of Biharis in East Pakistan, which in turn led to a retaliation in the form of Operation Searchlight by West Pakistan. By March, 1971, after a series of strikes, non-cooperation movements, and military involvement which led to the death, arrest and exile of many Awami League members and intellectuals of East Pakistan, the Awami League leaders declared independence of Bangladesh and formed a government in exile.A widespread genocide by the West Pakistani military forces, targeting Bengalis and Hindus in East Pakistan, led to a huge number of refugees, as much as 10 million, taking shelter in India. On 27th March, the then Prime Minister, Indira Gandhi decided that war with Pakistan would be more economical and in April, General Manekshaw was asked to ‘Go into East Pakistan’. By November, thousands of West Pakistan forces marched towards the border, and the massive Indian forces responded to this threat.
A widespread genocide by the West Pakistani military forces, targeting Bengalis and Hindus in East Pakistan, led to a huge number of refugees, as much as 10 million, taking shelter in India. On 27th March, the then Prime Minister, Indira Gandhi decided that war with Pakistan would be more economical and in April, General Manekshaw was asked to ‘Go into East Pakistan’. By November, thousands of West Pakistan forces marched towards the border, and the massive Indian forces responded to this threat.On 3rd December, eleven airfields in north-western India were the targets of a massive pre-emptive air strike by the Pakistani Air Force, marking the declaration of war. The Indian military mobilized troops immediately and that very night, the Indian Air Force retaliated with an initial air strike.
On 3rd December, eleven airfields in north-western India were the targets of a massive pre-emptive air strike by the Pakistani Air Force, marking the declaration of war. The Indian military mobilized troops immediately and that very night, the Indian Air Force retaliated with an initial air strike. A thirteen-day war ensued, where the Indian forces coordinated a massive air, sea, and land assault. Despite Pakistani forces attacking the borders on the west, the Indian troops held their ground, while on the eastern front, they launched a massive attack employing blitzkrieg techniques. Within a fortnight, the Pakistani military faced heavy casualties and met with insurmountable loss. On 16th December, the West Pakistan forces stationed in East Pakistan surrendered.The Instrument of Surrender was signed on this day and the short but vicious war came to an end. It was a clear victory for the Indian military and the war stripped Pakistan of nearly half of their population and
The Instrument of Surrender was signed on this day and the short but vicious war came to an end. It was a clear victory for the Indian military and the war stripped Pakistan of nearly half of their population and one-third of their army was in captivity. The 1972 Simla Agreement resulted in the release of the Pakistani prisoners of war, the recognition of Bangladesh as an independent State and the ceding of land captured by Indian troops during the war.
The bravery of the Indian troops, exemplary skill, determination and above all, love for the country brought this historic victory, which changed the course of history for the Indian subcontinent forever. Around 2,500 to 3,800 Indian soldiers were killed in the war and 45 air crafts were destroyed. It is the duty of every Indian to remember these brave hearts, who made their supreme sacrifice for our safe and brighter tomorrow.
The Indo-Pakistan War of 1971 lasted for thirteen days, making it one of the shortest wars in history. During the crisis between East and West Pakistan, in the year 1971, a struggle for independence was born. With the increasingly brutal effects of the Bangladesh Liberation War, refugees starting pouring into the already economically strained state of India. India could no longer bear a passive witness to the struggle and decided to intervene, leading to the infamous Indo-Pak War of 1971.
The war was fought on two fronts. One was fought in the region of East Pakistan and saw active offense by the Indian Army. The other was fought on the western front, with a more complex series of naval and ground attack.
The Indo-Pakistan War of 1971 was sparked by the Bangladesh Liberation war. In the 1970 Pakistani elections, the Awami League of East Pakistan secured an absolute majority and consequently should have claimed the premiership of Pakistan. However, the leader of the Pakistan People’s Party of the traditionally dominant West Pakistan refused their claims.
Following this, there was widespread dissent among the people of East Pakistan. The then President Yahya Khan called on the military to suppress the dissent and on the 1st of March, he convened the National Assembly. In retaliation, they began targeting ethnic Bihari people who had supported West Pakistan. Nearly 300 members of the Bihari community were killed in early March.
This, in turn, paved the way for West Pakistan to commence Operation Searchlight. On 25th March, the military was deployed into East Pakistan to disarm soldiers and police. That very night, Dhaka witnessed widespread chaos as Awami League leaders were banished and arrested. Operation Searchlight followed as the military was instructed to eliminate all political and military opposition.
On 26 March 1971, Ziaur Rahman declared the independence of Bangladesh on behalf of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman.
Shortly after this, in April, the exiled Awami leaders formed a ‘government-in-exile’ and the Mukti Bahini was formed under the Commander-in-Chief General Mohammad Ataul Ghani Osmany.
INDIA’S INVOLVEMENT WITH THE LIBERATION WAR:
Following Operation Searchlight, West Pakistan was engaged in atrocious genocide against the East Pakistan people, targeting the Bengali population and particularly the Hindu community. This, in turn, led to the fleeing of around 10 million refugees into Indian states. The East Indian border was opened by India and camps were set up in the East and North East to provide the refugees safe shelter. This set up a severe strain on the Indian economy.
On 27th March 1971, Indira Gandhi expressed her support for the Bangladesh independence struggle. She decided that war with Pakistan would be the most economical solution and on 28th April, the Cabinet asked General Manekshaw to go into East Pakistan. By the end of September, the refugee camps witnessed recruiting and training of troops and the air in Pakistan had changed as well. People were campaigning to ‘Crush India’.
OFFICIAL ENGAGEMENT WITH PAKISTAN:
By the month of November it seemed that the war was inevitable. Indian troops began building up near the Eastern border. The Indian military waited for winter when the Himalayan passes would be blocked by the snow, successfully preventing participation of the Chinese, who were supporting Pakistan.
The 23rd of November witnessed President Yahya Khan declaring a state of emergency and instructing his people to prepare for war.
The official beginning of the war occurred on the evening of 3rd December. Pakistani air force launched pre-emptive airstrike on eleven Indian airfields. However, this attempt, known as Operation Chengiz Khan, was unsuccessful and Prime Minister Indira Gandhi announced that the strikes were a declaration of war against India. The Indian Air Force retaliated that very night and launched a counter attack, achieving aerial superiority.
Following this Indira Gandhi ordered the mobilisation of troops and launched a full-scale invasion with an integrated air, sea and land attack.
On the eastern front, the Indian Eastern Naval Command, under the leadership of Vice Admiral Krishnan, completely isolated East Pakistan by means of a naval blockade in the Bay of Bengal, trapping the Eastern Pakistani Navy and eight foreign merchant ships in their ports.
The aircraft carrier INS Vikrant was deployed on the 4th of December, and its Sea Hawk fighter-bombers attacked many coastal towns in East Pakistan including Chittagong. Pakistan attempted to retaliate deploying the deadly submarine PNS Ghazi, however it sank off Visakhapatnam’s coast, presumably due to a strategy developed by the Vice Admiral to trick the Pakistani naval forces.
On 9th December, the Indian Navy lost the INS Khukri at the hands of the Pakistani submarine PNS Hangor.
On the western front of the war, the Indian Navy, under the command of Vice Admiral S.N. Kohli, launched Operation Trident on the night of 4th December. They managed to successfully attack Karachi’s port using missile boats and sank Pakistani destroyer PNS Khyber and minesweeper PNS Muhafiz, also damaging PNS Shah Jahan. In response to this, Pakistani submarines were deployed to destroy Indian warships. However, a huge number of Pakistani sailors were killed and they many ships, submarines and were slowly running out of fuel, thus crippling the Pakistan Navy’s involvement.
On the 8th of December, Operation Python was launched and Indian missile boats attacked the Karachi port, causing still more destruction of fuel tanks. They also sank of three Pakistani merchant ships.
Considering the naval hostilities, India achieved a clear victory, taking down nearly half of Pakistan’s naval forces.
On the aerial front, the IAF acted in quick response to the pre-emptive strikes on the airbases. They established a mass retaliation to the airstrikes and continued to battle the PAF over the conflict zone. Whereas, the PAF took up a more defensive stand. Their numbers slowly dwindled in the air battle and soon, the IAF had easily outnumbered them. The PAF did not assist during India’s raid on the naval port of Karachi, but bombed the Okha harbour is response. However, the air contingent of PAF No. 14 Sqn was annihilated, successfully rendering the Dhaka airfield useless, ultimately leading to Indian aerial superiority in the east.
Through the length of the war, the IAF was able to conduct a wide range of missions including troop support, air combat, deep penetration strikes, para-dropping behind enemy lines, feints to draw enemy fighters away from the actual target, bombing, and reconnaissance. Meanwhile, the Pakistan Air Force, was solely focused on air combat and defending their own bases. The IAF held a huge upper hand over the PAF and quickly established superiority, changing the course of the war.
On the western front, Pakistani troops attacked at various positions along the border, however, their attempts were foiled by the Indian army who held their position. They also advanced towards Pakistani territory and made some initial gain, which would later be relinquished back to Pakistan.
In the east, the Indian Army and the Mukti Bahini (Bangladeshi forces) joined together and adopted a proficient strategy. They launched a swift, three pronged assault of nine infantry divisions with attacked armoured units and close air support to converge on Dhaka. As these forces attacked Pakistani formations, the Indian Air Force destroyed the air contingent in East Pakistan and put the Dhaka airfield out of commission while the Indian Navy blockaded any maritime help, thus isolating East Pakistan from the offenses of West Pakistan.
Within a short span of thirteen days, the effective strategies of the Indian military and the spirit of the Indian troops brought a swift victory to India. Pakistani forces incurred great losses on naval, air and ground fronts and their military had to withdraw.
SURRENDER OF PAKISTAN AND AFTERMATH:
On 16 December, Pakistani forces in East Pakistan, faced with great losses, surrendered. The ‘Instrument of Surrender’ was signed at Ramna Race Course in Dhaka on the same day, by Lieutenant General Jagjit Singh Aurora, General Officer Commanding-in-chief of Eastern Command of the Indian Army and Lieutenant General A. A. K. Niazi, Commander of Pakistani forces in East Pakistan.
In 1972, the ‘Simla Agreement’ was signed between India and Pakistan, ensuring that Pakistan recognised the independence of Bangladesh in exchange for the return of the Pakistani POWs.
Mujibur Rahman was released from prison, and returned to Dhaka on 10 January 1972. He became the first President of Bangladesh.
|7 Mar||Sheikh Mujibur Rahman declares that “The current struggle is a struggle for independence”, in Dhaka.|
|25 Mar||West Pakistani forces commence Operation Searchlight. Thousands of people are killed in student dormitories and police barracks in Dhaka.|
|26 Mar||Sheikh Mujibur Rahman signed an official declaration of independence and sent it through a radio message. Major Ziaur Rahman and other Awami League leaders announced the declaration of independence on behalf of Sheikh Mujib from Kalurghat Radio Station,Chittagong. The message was relayed to the world by Indian radio stations.|
|27 Mar||Bangladesh Force namely Mukti Bahini was formed under the Commander-in-Chief General Mohammad Ataul Ghani Osmany.|
|17 Apr||Exiled leaders of Awami League form a provisional government.|
|3 Dec||West Pakistan launches a series of preemptive air strikes on Indian airfields. The war officially begins. IAF launches air strikes against infiltrators.|
|6 Dec||East Pakistan is recognised as an independent Bangladesh by India.|
|14 Dec||Systematic elimination of Bengali intellectuals is started by Pakistani Army and local collaborators|
|16 Dec||Lieutenant-General A. A. K. Niazi, supreme commander of Pakistani Army in East Pakistan, surrenders to the Allied Forces. India and Bangladesh are victorious.|
|12 Jan 1972||Sheikh Mujibur Rahman comes to power|
|PARAM VIR CHAKRA||MAHA VIR CHAKRA||PARAM VIR CHAKRA|
|Major Hoshiar Singh||Capt Swaraj Parkash||Fg Off Nirmaljit Singh Sekhon*|
|2nd Lt Arun Khetarpal*||Capt Mahendra Nath Mulla*|
|Lance Naik Albert Ekka*||Cdr Kasargod Patnashetti Gopal Rao||MAHA VIR CHAKRA|
|Cdr Mohan Narayan Rao Samant|
|MAHA VIR CHAKRA||Cdr Babru Bahan Yadav||Gp Capt Chandan Singh|
|Lt Cdr Santosh Kumar Gupta||Wg Cdr Padmanabha Gautam|
|Brigadier Anand Sarup||Lt Cdr Joseph Pius Alfred Noronha||Wg Cdr Ramesh Sakharam Benegal|
|Brigadier Joginder Singh Bakshi||Leading Seaman Chanam Singh||Wg Cdr Allan Albert D’Costa|
|Brigadier Joginder Singh Gharaya||Wg Cdr Swaroop Krishna Kaul|
|Brigadier Krishnaswamy Gowri Shankar||VIR CHAKRA||Wg Cdr Harcharan Singh Mangat|
|Brigadier Hardev Singh Kler||Wg Cdr Cecil Vivian Parker|
|Brigadier Anthony Harold Edward Michigan||Capt Padavupurackal Chandy Andrews||Wg Cdr Man Mohan Bir Singh Talwar|
|Brigadier Anant Vishwanath Natu||Capt Manohar Pralhad Awati||Wg Cdr Vidya Bhushan Vasisht|
|Brigadier Kailash Prasad Pande||Capt Rustom Khushro Shapoorjee Ghandhi||Sqn Ldr Madhavendra Banerji|
|Brigadier Sant Singh||Capt Kumara Madhava Velappan Nair||Sqn Ldr Ravinder Nath Bhardwaj|
|Brigadier Mohindar Lal Whig||Capt Jagdish Chandra Puri|
|Brigadier Arun Shridhar Vaidya||Cdr Rajinder Singh Grewal||VIR CHAKRA|
|Colonel Udai Singh||Cdr Ravindar Das Dhir|
|Lt Col Hanut Singh||Cdr Benoy Roychowdhury||Gp Capt Robert Arnold Weir|
|Lt Col Sukhjit Singh||Cdr Roy Joseph Millan||Gp Capt Manmohan Singh|
|Lt Col Raj Mohan Vohra||Cdr Ommen Mukadavil Ommen||Wg Cdr Arun Kanti Mukherjee|
|Lt Col Narinder Singh Sandhu||Cdr Subir Paul||Wg Cdr Keshev Chandra Aggarwal|
|Lt Col Ved Prakash Airy||Cdr Laxminarayan Ramdas||Wg Cdr Bhupendra Kumar Bishnoi|
|Lt Col Chittoor Venugopal||Cdr Suresh Kumar Sabhlok||Wg Cdr Donald Melvyn Conquest|
|Lt Col Arun Bhimrao Harolikar||Cdr Vijay Singh Shekhawat||Wg Cdr Harser Singh Gill*|
|Lt Col Shamsher Singh||Cdr Rishi Raj Sood||Wg Cdr Krishan Kumar Badhwar|
|Lt Col Surinder Kapur||Cdr Kailash Nath Zadu||Wg Cdr Murari Lal Trehon|
|Lt Col Ved Prakash Ghai||Lt Cdr Ashwani Kumar Mehra||Wg Cdr Narinder Chatrath|
|Lt Col Kulwant Singh Pannu||Lt Cdr Saurirajulu Ramsagar||Wg Cdr Ramanathan Sundarsan|
|Lt Col Sawai Bhawani Singh||Lt Cdr Ashok Roy*||Wg Cdr Ravindar Nath Dogra|
|Lt Col Rajkumar Singh||Lt Cdr Sankar Prasad Ghosh||Sqn Ldr Arya Bhushan Lamba|
|Lt Col Rattan Nath Sharma||Lt Cdr Inder Singh||Sqn Ldr Allan David Alley|
|Lt Col Prem Kumar Khanna||Lt Cdr Vijai Jerath||Sqn Ldr Anil Kumar Bhadra|
|Lt Col Kashmiri Lal Rattan||Lt Cdr Bahadur Nariman Kavina||Sqn Ldr Ashok Prataprao Shinde|
|Lt Col Harish Chandra Pathak||Lt Cdr George Martis||Sqn Ldr Charanjit Singh|
|Major Amarjit Singh Bal||Lt Cdr Om Prakash Mehta||Sqn Ldr Dinesh Chandra Bhandari|
|Major Daljit Singh Narang||Lt Cdr Prabhat Kumar||Sqn Ldr Dilip Kumar Dass|
|Major Anup Singh Gahlaut||Lt Cdr Jayanta Kumar Roychoudhury||Sqn Ldr Dhirendra Singh Jafa|
|Major Vijay Rattan Chowdhary||Lt Cdr Rajat Kumar Sen||Sqn Ldr Farokh Jehangir Mehta|
|Major Dharam Vir Singh||Lt Cdr Inderjit Sharma||Sqn Ldr Gursaran Singh Ahluwalia|
|Major Chewang Rinchen||Lt Cdr Joginder Krishan Suri||Sqn Ldr Charanjit Singh Sandhu|
|Major Vijay Kumar Berry||Lt Arun Prakash||Sqn Ldr Ghanshyam Singh Thapa|
|Major Kuldip Singh Chandpuri||Lt Bipinchandra Bhaskar Bhagwat||Sqn Ldr Iqbal Singh Bindra|
|Major Basdev Singh Mankotia||Lt Virendra Kumar Datta||Sqn Ldr Jal Maniksha Mistry*|
|Major Jaivir Singh||Lt Keshar Singh Panwar||Sqn Ldr Jasbir Singh|
|Captain Pradip Kumar Gour*||Lt Prem Kumar||Sqn Ldr Jasjit Singh|
|Captain Devinder Singh Ahlawat||Lt Raminder Singh Sodhi||Sqn Ldr Jiwa Singh*|
|Captain Shankar Rao Shankhapan Walkar||Lt Vijai Prakash Kapil||Sqn Ldr Krishan Kumar Bakshi|
|2nd Lt Shamsher Singh Samra||Lt Suresh Kumar Mitter||Sqn Ldr Kalyan Kumar Dutta|
|Sub Malkiat Singh||Lt Suresh Gajanan Samant||Sqn Ldr Kirpal Singh|
|Sub Mohinder Singh||Surgeon Lt Sudhansu Sekhar Panda||Sqn Ldr Mohinder Kumar Jain*|
|Havildar Bir Bahadur Pun||Sub Lt Ashok Kumar||Sqn Ldr Preet Pal Singh Gill|
|Havildar Thomas Phillipose||Ch. Pty. Off. Mughilissery Ouseph Thomachan||Sqn Ldr Ramesh Chander Kohli|
|Naik Sugan Singh||Pty. Off. Ravinder Nath Sharma||Sqn Ldr Ramesh Chander Sachdeva*|
|Lance Naik Nar Bahadur Chhetri||Master CEA 2nd Class Megh Nath Sangal||Sqn Ldr Ravindra Nath Bali|
|Lance Naik Ram Ugram Pandey||Mech. 3rd Class Lakhman Kumar Chakrabarty||Sqn Ldr Suresh Damodar Karnik|
|Lance Naik Drig Pal Singh||Leading Elec. Mate Kapallisai Raju||Sqn Ldr Sanjay Kumar Choudhury|
|Lance Naik Shangara Singh||Sqn Ldr Sindhaghatta Subbaramu|
|Sepoy Ansuya Prasad||Sqn Ldr Vinod Kumar Bhatia|
|Sepoy Pandurang Salunkhe||Sqn Ldr Vishnu Narain Johri|
|Rifleman Pati Ram Gurung||Flt Lt Aruna Kumar Datta|
|Rifleman Dil Bahadur Chettri||Flt Lt Ashok Kumar Singh|
|Flt Lt Arun Laxman Deoskar|
|VIR CHAKRA||Flt Lt Andre Rudolph Da Costa*|
|Flt Lt Aspari Raghunath|
|Lt Col Narendra Nath Rawat||Flt Lt Apramjeet Singh|
|Lt Col Patrick Ian Lawlor||Flt Lt Aditya Vikram Pethia|
|Lt Col Prakash Chander Sawhney||Flt Lt Arun Vasant Sathaye|
|Lt Col Bhartruhari Trimbak Pandit||Flt Lt Bharat Bhushan Soni|
|Lt Col Prasanta Coomar Purkayastha||Flt Lt Cherry Hassand Rane|
|Lt Col Raj Singh||Flt Lt C S Chandrasekaran|
|Lt Col Satinder Kumar Kapoor||Flt Lt Dinesh Chander Nayyar|
|Lt Col Suresh Chandra Gupta||Flt Lt Dilip Kamalakar Dighe|
|Lt Col Jasbir Pal Singh||Flt Lt Govind Chandra Singh Rajwar|
|Lt Col Francis Tiburtius Dias||Flt Lt Chandra Mohan Singla|
|Lt Col Ran Bahadur Gurung||Flt Lt Gurdev Singh Rai*|
|Lt Col Raj Kumar Suri||Flt Lt Harbans Perminder Singh|
|Lt Col Kuldip Singh Brar||Flt Lt Hemant Sharat Kumar Sardesai|
|Lt Col Amarjeet Singh Brar||Flt Lt Syed Iqbal Ali|
|Major Atma Singh Hansra||Flt Lt Jagdamba Prasad Saklani|
|Major Suraj Jit Chaudhari||Flt Lt J P Singh|
|Major Govind Singh||Flt Lt Kuldeep Singh Sahota|
|Major Ravinder Datt Law||Flt Lt Kukke Sreekantasastry Suresh|
|Major Kamal Nanda||Flt Lt Lawrence Fredric Pereira*|
|Major Malvinder Singh Shergill||Flt Lt Nandepanda Appachu Ganapathy|
|Major Harish Kumar Chopra||Flt Lt Mahabir Prasad Premi|
|Major Kitkule Prakash Digamber||Flt Lt Manjit Singh Dhillon|
|Major Manjit Singh Dugal||Flt Lt Melvinder Singh Grewal|
|Major Virender Singh Ruhil||Flt Lt Mohinder Singh Sandhu|
|Major Pradeep Kumar Sharma||Flt Lt Manjit Singh Sekhon|
|Major Davinder Pal Singh||Flt Lt Manbir Singh|
|Major Harpal Singh Grewal||Flt Lt Nitin Gajanan Junnarkar|
|Major Manoptkia Mandappa Ravi||Flt Lt Niraj Kukreja|
|Major Baldev Raj Bhola||Flt Lt Roy Andrew Massey|
|Major Surinder Singh Jamwal||Flt Lt Prem Bhushan Kalra|
|Major Vijay Kumar Bhaskar||Flt Lt P D Gupta|
|Major Surinder Vatsa||Flt Lt Pushpa Kumar Vaid|
|Major Mahmood Hasan Khan||Flt Lt Parminder Paul Singh Kwatra|
|Major Survendra Singh Negi||Flt Lt Parvez Rustom Jamasji|
|Major Jagmal Singh Rathore||Flt Lt Pradip Vinayak Apte*|
|Major Shyamveer Singh Rathore||Flt Lt Ramesh Chander Gosain|
|Major Gopal Krishan Trivedi||Flt Lt Robindra Kumar Sinha|
|Major Vijay Kumar Vaid||Flt Lt Rajendra Singh Wahi|
|Major Krishna Kumar Prodhan||Flt Lt Samar Bikram Shah|
|Major Vinod Bhanot||Flt Lt Sukrutaraj Jayandra|
|Major Amlan Pratap Datta||Flt Lt Shivinder Singh Bains|
|Major Appasaheb Dadasaheb Surve||Flt Lt Syed Shahid Hussain Naqvi|
|Major Kuldip Singh Gill||Flt Lt Surinder Singh Malhotra|
|Major Sheel Kumar Puri||Flt Lt Vinod Kumar Neb|
|Major Bikal Kishan Das Badgel||Flt Lt Vijay Kumar Wahi*|
|Major Abjeet Singh Mamik||Flt Lt Winston Rabinder Sanjeeva Rao|
|Major Vetri K. Nathan||Flt Lt Partha Dasgupta|
|Major Jai Bahagvan Singh Yadava||Flt Lt Chidambaran Sargangapani|
|Major Chandra Kant||Flt Lt Yogendra Prasad Singh|
|Major Inder Prakash Kharbanda||Fg Off Balchandra Chengapa Karumbaya|
|Major Ashok Kumar Tara||Fg Off Bartan Ramesh|
|Major Anantanarayanan Krishana swamy||Fg Off Donald Lazarus|
|Major Hardev Singh Grewal||Fg Off Harish Masand|
|Major Narain Singh||Fg Off Jai Singh Gahlawat|
|Major Harish Chandra Sharma||Fg Off Kariyadil Cheriyan Kuruvilla|
|Major Sukhpal Singh||Fg Off Kishan Lakhimal Malkani*|
|Major Kailaina Chongthu||Fg Off Mohan Dikshit|
|Major Kuppanda Ponnappa Nanjappa||Fg Off Sankaranarayanan Balasubramanian|
|Major Narinder Kumar Sharma||Fg Off Satish Chandra Sharma|
|Major Sunhara Singh||Fg Off Sukhdev Singh Dhillon|
|Major Sarlejeet Singh Ahluwalia||Fg Off Sudhir Tyagi*|
|Naik Appukuttan Sahadevan|
|Naik Jajula Sanyasi|
|Naik Ankush Mahadev Chawan|
|Naik Eknath Kardile|
|Naik Maruti Nakil|
|Naik Shamu Bhosle|
|Naik Nihal Singh|
|Naik Khajur Singh|
|Naik Raja Singh|
|Naik Ramesh Chand|
|Naik Raghubir Singh|
|Naik Gurjant Singh|
|Naik Mohinder Singh|
|Naik Naib Singh|
|Lance Naik Shreepati Singh|
|Lance Naik Gabar Singh Negi|
|Lance Naik Raghunath Singh|
|Lance Naik Narjang Gurung|
|Lance Naik Umar Singh Gurung|
|Lance Naik Om Bahadur Chhetri|
|Lance Naik Gobardhan Adhikari|
|Lance Naik Balbahadur Gurung|
|Lance Naik Magar Singh|
|Lance Naik Megh Raj|
|Lance Naik Durga Datt|
|Lance Naik Janak Singh|
|Lance Naik Mohan Lal|
|Lance Naik Bisheshwar Singh|
|Lance Naik Abhey Ram|
|Sepoy Ganga Singh|
|Sepoy Mohmad Iqbal|
|Sepoy Kolli John Christapher|
|Sepoy Kashinath Sivrudra Kamble|
|Sepoy Kharak Singh|
|Sepoy Kachru Salve|
|Sepoy Kisan Rao Jagadale|
|Sepoy Hanumant Krishna More|
|Sepoy Avtar Singh|
|Sepoy Banwari Lal|
|Sepoy Jagjit Singh|
|Sepoy Mehar Singh|
|Sepoy Sampuran Singh|
|Sepoy Birdha Ram|
|Sepoy Satyawan Singh|
|Sepoy Udai Raj Singh|
|Sepoy Mohan Singh|
|Sepoy Rachhpal Singh|
|Sepoy Sampuran Singh|
|Sepoy Boota Singh|
|Sepoy Karnail Singh|
|Sepoy Swaran Singh|
|Grenadier Gorakh Ram|
|Grenadier Gurbax Singh|
|Grenadier Mangal Singh|
|Grenadier Marud Khan|
|Grenadier Rafiq Khan|
|Grenadier Ram Kumar|
|Gunner Bhadreswar Pathak*|
|Gunner Ajit Singh|
|Gunner Tek Ram|
|Rifleman Makar Singh Negi|
|Rifleman Moti Kumar Newar|
|Rifleman Man Bahadur Pun|
|Rifleman Udae Bahadur Khatri|
|Rifleman Prem Bahadur Thapa|
|Rifleman Phas Bahadur Pun|
|Rifleman Dalip Singh Thapa|
|Rifleman Dhan Bahadur Rai|
|Rifleman Chagan Singh|
|Rifleman Prem Singh|
|Sapper Durga Shanker Paliwal|
|Sowar Jai Singh|
|Sowar Mohan Singh|
|Guardsman Brij Lal|
|Paratrooper Vaijnath Shinge|
|NC Mangat Ram|
|Captain Sivasankara Pillai Surendra Nath|
|Captain Gopalam Lakshminarayana Swamy|
|Captain Raghunath Prashad Chaturvedi|
|Captain Vanchitatil Oommen Cherian|
|Rifleman Padampeem Bahadur Thapa|
|Lance Naik Chandraket Prasad Yadav|
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SAHITI JIDDU2022at8:27 pm
SCHOOL- NEW HORIZON GURUKUL
I Pay a Tribute to all soldiers who were ready to give there life for are safety they stood at the border day and night we should
Respect and Salutes to soldiers for their Selfless Service to the Nation. Dear Soldier, your deeds make you immortal.
we should respect all these people even if we would be there we can’t do such a great deed THANK YOU soldiers for your sacrifice you made for our country
JAY HIND !!
Atulith Kodali2022at5:04 pm
Name- Atulith Kodali, School- New Horizon Gurukul, Class-7F
This war is a remarkable memory of all the Indian soldiers who sacrificed themselves for our country. These Brave souls have kept us safe. It is because of them that we are in peace. Today I am praising, recognizing, and saluting the brave souls who fought for us. This is the respect and patriotism of the soldiers that kept us safe. It is their bravery and their hard work that kept us safe. I thank them for their service. I thank the martyrs who fell in the war as heroes the protected us.
Varada.K | New Horizon Gurukul | 7F
I would like to pay tribute to all heroes who fought the 1971 Indo Pak war. It’s their selfless love towards our nation that makes them to offer the supreme sacrifice for us! It’s their bravery, courage, best skills, perfection and Excellency that makes them special and eligible to serve our motherland. THANK YOU to all are courageous soldiers for serving our nation by sacrificing themselves. THANK YOU DEAR SOLDIERS AND ARMY.
Atulya Nautiyal2022at10:43 pm
Atulya Nautiyal New Horizon Gurukul VII F
I would like to pay a tribute to all the soldiers who fought and lost their lives fighting in the Indo pak war I am great-full for the sacrifices that were done to
let us live in peace your courage your love and affection to our country that helped our country to let us live in peace. SO THANK YOU VERY VERY MUCH by
saving our nation
JAI HIND !!
JAI BHARAT !!
This is a heartfelt gratitude to our brave soldiers who fought relentlessly and martyred their lives for us to be able to sleep peacefully.
While we sleep, there are so many out there who are losing lives trying to protect us from miscreants. No amount of words can do justice to what they do for us.
I am proud of each one of our soldiers, many unheard, many untold of, who lost their lives without knowing how big a sacrifice they are doing for humanity.
My heartfelt tribute to each one of them, and their families.
JAI HIND !!!