Service No : 5073 F(P)
Date of Birth : February 1, 1933
Place of birth : Kolkata (WB)
Last Rank : Sqn Ldr
Unit : 37 Sqn
Arm/Regt : Indian Air Force
Operation : Op Cactus Lily
Martyrdom : December 4, 1971
Sqn Ldr AR Samanta hailed from Kolkata in West Bengal and born on 01 Feb 1933. He was commissioned into the Indian Air Force on on Jan 14, 1956 at the age of 23 years. He was commissioned in the flying stream of the IAF and got trained as a fighter pilot.
After completing his flying training, Sqn Ldr AR Samanta served with various flying squadrons located at different Air Force bases. After serving for few years he got married to Ms Arundhati. By 1971, Sqn Ldr AR Samanta had put in about 15 years of service and evolved into a professionally competent fighter pilot having expertise in various air operations.
Offensive Air Operation (Indo-Pak War): 04 Dec 1971
During 1971, Sqn Ldr AR Samanta was serving with 37 Sqn, known as “Black Panthers” and was based at Air Force Station Kalaikunda in West Bengal. The 37 Squadron was raised on 23 Dec 1957 at Air Force Station Palam with Squadron Leader Amrit Lal Bajaj as its first Commanding Officer. The Squadron was initially equipped with Vampire aircrafts, but later got armed with the Hunter jet-bomber aircrafts. As the PAF attacked 11 Air Force bases on 03 Dec 1971, the Indian Air Force decided to launch counter offensive operations on the eastern as well as western front. On the Eastern front, the Indian forces launched a sophisticated campaign which included rapid-moving infantry and armour advancing from three directions, airborne and heliborne assaults, missile bombardments from ships and an amphibious landing, the IAF's task being primarily direct support of the ground forces. 37 Sqn with Wing Commander Swaroop Krishna Kaul as its commanding officer was tasked to undertake offensive missions against the targets on the eastern front. The first wave of attacks were launched on 04 Dec 1971 by 37 Sqn from Air Force Base at Tezpur. Sqn Ldr AR Samanta was tasked one such strike mission on 04 Dec.
As planned Sqn Ldr AR Samanta took off in his Hunter aircraft (BA-252) on 04 Dec 1971 to conduct a raid over Tezgaon airport. The Pakistan Air Force (PAF) had 19 Sabre jets (F-86) and three Lockheed RT-33 reconnaissance aircraft deployed at Tezgaon and Kurmitola airports in Dhaka. The area was heavily defended by anti aircraft guns, but showing great courage, Sqn Ldr AR Samanta still pressed on with the attack causing extensive damage. However while carrying out the Sqn Ldr AR Samanta’s aircraft was hit by anti aircraft guns. Although he tried his best to bring his aircraft back, he could not succeed as the aircraft had taken extensive hits and eventually crashed. Sqn Ldr AR Samanta was a valiant soldier and committed air warrior, who laid down his life in the line of his duty following the highest traditions of the IAF.
Sqn Ldr AR Samanta is survived by his wife Smt Arundhati Samanta.