Service No : IC-1070

Place of birth : Farukkhabad, (UP)

Service : Army

Last Rank : Lieutenant Colonel

Unit : 4 Rajput

Arm/Regt : The Rajput Regiment

Operation : Indo-China War 1962

Martyrdom : November 23, 1962

Lt Col Bramhanand Avasthy

Lt Col Bramhanand Avasthy was born in Farukkhabad district of Uttar Pradesh. He was commissioned into 2 Rajput of the famed Rajput Regiment, an infantry Regiment known for its intrepid soldiers and numerous battle exploits. However, he commanded 4 Rajput battalions during the Indo-China War in 1962 and fought one of the heroic battles at Lagyala Gompa monastery overlooking the Morshing Valley.


Lt Col Bramhanand Avasthy got married to Ms. Sushila, the daughter of Shri Pandit Sita Charan Dube and Smt Laxmibai Dube and the couple had two daughters Neeharika and Aradhana.


Battle at Lagyala Gompa(Indo China War): Nov 1962


The Indo-China war had reached its peak when the 4th Rajput battalion was sent to NEFA from Belgaum. At that time Major Trilok Nath was officiating as CO and was told that it was assigned to the 65th Brigade under Brigadier GM Saeed. The battalion was assigned to capture the left flank of the Division covering the approach from Orka La-Punsum la however the “C” Company of the battalion was made responsible for protecting the headquarters of the 4th Infantry Division. Soon Lt Col Brahmanand Avasthy, who was serving as an Instructor in the Infantry School at Mhow was chosen to take over as Commanding Officer of the battalion as he was considered to be one of the finest infantry officers among his peers.


The 65 Brigade besides 4 Rajput had battalions of 1st Sikh, 2nd Sikh and 4th Sikh Light Infantry Regiment. When patrolling soldiers of 1 Sikh LI observed some suspicious movements from the other side,  a patrol party consisting soldiers from these 3 Sikh LI battalions totaling 200 soldiers were sent out. The patrolling team crossed the Luguthana-Kya La line and planned to climb the nearest highest peak to observe the area carefully. As it had become dark they decided to make a defensive post there and planned to move the next morning. However, the Indian patrolling parties were being tracked by the Chinese forces and they waited for the opportune moment to ambush the Indian soldiers. The Chinese forces attacked the Sikh LI soldiers and 63 of them perished in the attack, which stunned the Brigade HQ.


However the aggressive patrolling continued and another patrol of 4 Rajput under Naib Subedar Man Singh encountered the Chinese in the Jalak Pu area. Subsequently, a decision was taken to withdraw from Sela. With 62 Infantry Brigade falling back from Sela, Lt Col Awasthy decided to defend Bridge 1 to allow the brigade and remnants from 4th Division to retreat. At 0730 hrs on 18th Nov morning the HQ 65th Infantry Brigade asked the battalion to withdraw. A little later Battalion HQ asked D company to fall back to Headquarters near Sapper Camp. By the time the Battalion HQ decided to withdraw they had elements of B company, elements of C company and D company. This group consisted of seven officers which included Lt Col Avasthy, Major Trilok Nath, Major Y Tandon, Captain Dayal Singh, Captain SK Mitra, Lieutenant DS Drar and Second Lieutenant Chatrapati Singh. However 62 Inf Brigade never returned and the remaining soldiers filtered through some other routes. Finally, Lt Col Avasthy pulled back to Lubrang destroying any stores that could not be carried back. From there he moved to Phudung joined by various stragglers, many of them wounded and had to be carried. Lt Col Avasthy himself carried the medic who was snow-blinded. When this force reached Priyadung, they saw that the track bifurcated with one side climbing towards an old monastery Lagyala Gompa and the other following a stream towards Morshing. Lt Col Avasthy decided to take the route to Lagyala Gompa.


Lagyala Gompa, one of the holiest Buddhist shrines in Arunachal Pradesh was located on a high feature overlooking the Morshing Valley as well as the route Lt Col Avasthy was taking. There was a plateau just before it made its steep climb to the monastery making it an ideal place for ambush. The movement of Lt Col Avasthy’s troops was being tracked by the enemy forces and a 500 strong Chinese unit had already moved in behind with one group was waiting in ambush at Lagyala Gompa. As Lt Col Avasthy and his troops approached the Gompa they came under heavy fire from the Chinese. Lt Col Avasthy and his men could have probably chosen to fall back and look for another way around but decided to fight the Chinese. Although lacking heavy firepower Lt Col Avasthy launched a 2 pronged counter attack. The battle was fierce and the Chinese annoyed by the casualties they were taking, tried to isolate Lt Col Avasthy and cut him off. But Lt Col Avasthy’s men surrounded their valiant Commanding Officer and fought to the bitter end. Finally it came down to hand to hand combat however after few hours of fierce fighting the Chinese prevailed. Lt Col Avasthy and all his gallant soldiers were martyred and the battlefield was littered with the bodies of 126 Indian soldiers and over 200 Chinese soldiers. A shepherd boy who later became the Head Lama of the monastery was the only witness to this heroic episode. The Chinese dug a mass grave for the Indians and left a flattened ration tin with the names of the officers. After the ceasefire the bodies were retrieved and Lt Col Avasthy’s body was found with a blood soaked letter to his wife.


Lt Col Bramhanand Avasthy was a committed soldier and an officer par excellence who led his troops from the front like a true military leader. His wife, Smt Sushila Avasthy’s lone wish was that her ashes should be scattered around the memorial at Lagyala, where her husband had laid down his life. Smt Sushila Awasthi died in 2011 and the men of 4th Rajput carried out her wishes, 49 years after her husband was martyred on that isolated hillside.


Lt Col Bramhanand Avasthy is survived by his two daughters Smt Neeharika Avasthy Naidu and Smt Aradhana Bela Avasthy.

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  • Aradhana Bela Avasthy

    2023at10:22 am Reply

    Aradhana avasthy sood, richmond, Virginia United States

    I am his younger daughter and with my older sister will give you information we have. We are so appreciative for the scaffolding you are providing for such heroes to be remembered and honored.

    Thank you!

  • Neeharika Avasthy Naidu

    2023at10:23 am Reply

    I am so very proud to be the daughter of this great soldier. I will give you all information that you need. I am deeply moved

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