Date of Birth : Jan 28, 1899

Birth Place : Kodagu, Karnataka

Service: Army

Last Rank: Field Marshal

Arm/Regt : The Rajput Regiment

Awards : O B E, Legion of merit

Date of Demise : May 15, 1993

Field Marshal K M Cariappa

Field Marshal K M Cariappa or Kodandera “Kipper” Madappa Cariappa was born on 28th Jan 1899, in Madikeri, Kodagu (Coorg), to a family of farmers belonging to the Kodandera clan. His father, Madappa, worked in the revenue department. Field Marshal Cariappa was the second child in a family of four sons and two daughters.

 

Field Marshal Cariappa was known as “Chimma” to his relatives. After completing his education in the Central High School at Madikeri in 1917, he attended Presidency College, Chennai to pursue his education further. He was interested in reading and playing sports. During his college, he learned that Indians were being recruited into the Army, and they were trained in India. As he wished to serve as a soldier, he applied for the training. Out of the 70 applicants, Cariappa was one of 42nd applicant who was selected for the first batch of KCIOs (King’s Commissioned Indian Officers) at Daly Cadet College, Indore. He scored well in all the aspects of his training and graduated seventh in his class. He was then commissioned in the Carnatic Infantry and was in active service with the 37 (Prince of Wales) Dogra in Mesopotamia (present day known as Iraq) and then he was posted to the 2nd Rajput Light Infantry.

 

Field Marshal Cariappa got married in Mar 1937, in Secunderabad, to Muthu Machia, a forest Officer’s daughter. Cariappa and Muthu had a son and a daughter. Their son, K C Cariappa also called “Nanda”, who was born on 4th Jan 1938, and daughter Nalini on 23 Feb 1948. Their son Nanda, joined the Indian Air Force and rose to the rank of Air Marshal. Though Field Marshal Cariappa and Muthu’s married life was happy initially, but later due to ideological differences, and Field Marshal Cariappa’s professional commitments, their marriage broke down. In Sep 1945, the couple separated without any formal divorce. Unfortunately three years later Muthu died in an accident.

 

Military Career : 1919-1953

 

On 1st Dec 1919, Field Marshal Cariappa graduated and was granted a temporary commission. Subsequently, a permanent commission was granted on 9th Sep 1922, with effect from 17th July 1920. This was done to make Field Marshal Cariappa’s rank junior to those British officers who passed out from Sandhurst on 16th July 1920. He was transferred to the 2/125 Napier Rifles which moved to Mesopotamia (present-day Iraq) in May 1920. On his return to India, Field Marshal Cariappa was posted to the 7th Price of Wales Own Dogra Regiment in June 1922. In June 1923, Field Marshal Cariappa was transferred to the 1/7 Rajputs, which became his permanent regimental home.

 

In 1925, Field Marshal Cariappa visited various countries including Europe, United States, Japan, and China. He met a large number of soldiers and civilians in various nations and the tour proved to be educational for him. He was given a nickname “Kipper” by a British officer’s wife, which was found to be difficult to pronounce by Field Marshal Cariappa, while he was serving in Fatehgarh. In 1927, Field Marshal Cariappa was promoted to captain, but the appointment was not officially gazetted until 1931.

 

In 1947, Field Marshal Cariappa became the first Indian to be selected to undergo a training course at Imperial Defence College, Camberly, UK. After India’s independence, Field Marshal Cariappa was appointed as the Deputy Chief of General Staff with the rank of Major General. Thereafter, he became the Eastern Army Commander and General Officer Commanding-in-Chief, Western Command during the outbreak of war in Pakistan.

 

Field Marshal Cariappa was appointed as the first Commander-in-Chief of an independent Indian Army on 15th Jan 1949. He was awarded the ‘Order of the Chief Commander of the Legion of Merit’ by American President, Harry S Truman. The Government of India conferred the rank of Field Marshal on Cariappa in 1986.

 

After four years of service as the C-in-C, Field Marshal Cariappa retired on 14 Jan 1953. Before he retired, he made a farewell visit to his parent regiment, the Rajput Regiment, at the Rajput Regimental Centre accompanied by his son and daughter. After his retirement, he served as the Indian high commissioner to Australia and New Zealand until 1956.

 

Field Marshal Cariappa’s health began to deteriorate in 1991, he suffered from arthritis and heart problems. He died in his sleep on 15th May 1993, at the Bangalore Command Hospital where he had been receiving treatment for a few years. His mortal remains were cremated in Madikeri two days later.

 

Field Marshal K M Cariappa is survived with his son Air Mshl Cariappa (Nanda) and his daughter Nalini.

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Source
  • http://www.mapsofindia.com/who-is-who/defence/k-m-cariappa.html
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kodandera_M._Cariappa
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4 Comments
  • Manoj Kumar Lenka

    2020at4:33 pm Reply

    Field Marshal’s rank was conferred on 28 Apr 1986, not in 1983.

  • sandipon chatterjee

    2020at7:54 pm Reply

    i want more details on his personal life and life style..

  • Srividhya S

    2021at4:09 pm Reply

    True heros of this nation and the universe..

  • P.Deepapriya

    2021at8:33 pm Reply

    I got to know of General Cariappa from my grandfather Late Lt. Col MRG Rajah. I remember two incidents which I recount hearing from him. One was how the late General was so very intelligent that he asked the army to dismantle the canon artillery guns at the plains during the war against Pakistan in 1948 and re-assemble the same once the forces reached the mountain top. By doing this the Indian Army was able to use canon artillery guns on mountain tops.
    The other incident was that the General used to randomly check on every armed post every evening by randomly calling any number from the Army telephone directory at 5:00 pm every day. He happened to call my grandfather one day at 5:02 pm. When my grandfather picked up the call the General answered “Chief here” and asked why was the post not closed yet. My grandfather informed him that they were closing the windows and will be leaving shortly. My grandfather used to narrate this and mention how the General was particular in adhering to timings.
    The General was indeed a great man every Indian can be proud of.

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