Service No : IC10023

Service : Army

Last Rank : Captain

Arm/Regt : 8 Gorkha Rifles

Martyrdom : November 18, 1962

Captain BB Ghosh

Capt BB Ghosh hailed from Delhi and did his schooling from Raisinha Bengali higher Secondary school, Gole Market, New Delhi. Subsequently he joined Hindu college (Delhi Univ) for further studies. Eldest among five siblings, he was inclined to join the Armed Forces since his younger days and consequently joined the Joint Services Wing (JSW, subsequently known as NDA) course. He passed out in the year 1959 and was commissioned as a second Lieutenant into 2/8 GR battalion of 8 Gorkha Rifles Regiment, an infantry Regiment well known for its gallant soldiers and numerous battle exploits. After Commissioning he served very briefly at Ramgarh and also served as an ADC to the then Bengal Governor, Ms Padmaja Naidu for a short period.


Later Capt Ghosh got posted to Nagaland, where he undertook operations against the Naga rebels just prior to the 1962 war. He got injured in one of the operations and was recuperating while on leave, when the war clouds were taking shape in NEFA(North Eastern Frontier Agency) the present day Arunachal Pradesh. He joined back his unit after leave and got involved into thick of operations in NEFA.


Indo-China War : Nov 1962


During the 1962 Indo-China war, Capt Ghosh’s unit 2/8 GR was deployed in Siang Frontier Division, south of Mc Mohan line along the border. By third week of Oct 1962, India had already faced many reverses in the war and many organisational changes were made to deal with the situation. Initially 5 Infantry Brigade was responsible for the Walong Sector. As a sequel to the reorganization, after the fall of Tawang, a new formation 2 Infantry Division was raised with Maj Gen MS Pathania as the GOC. The newly raised Division was assigned the responsibility of the whole of NEFA, less Kameng (Tawang) Sector. Consequently, 181 Infantry Brigade was allocated for Walong Sector. However, later on GOC’s insistence, entire 181 Infantry Brigade was moved out and 11 Infantry Brigade under Brigadier NC Rawlley was moved to Walong. Capt Ghosh’s unit 2/8 GR was then ordered to move to Walong, a small hamlet, situated in the vicinity of Tri Junction of Tibet, Myanmar and India.


Walong was about 30 km from the Tibetan border (McMahon Line) and approximately 200 km from the road-head (in 1962) at Teju on our side of the border.  A track from Walong also led towards Kibithoo along the Western bank of Lohit River. Onward, it hit the McMahon Line; crossing into Tibet, culminating at Rima, an administrative base on the Chinese side of the border. The supply line and transportation of troops was only by air and Teju airfield was the nearest airlift point. There was an airstrip at Walong, capable of handling only light aircraft like Otters or Caribous.   At 0015 hours on 22 Oct, the Chinese launched an attack on Kibithoo held by a company of 6 Kumaon, with a battalion size force, duly supported by mortars and machine guns. The battle lasted for almost four hours. The Chinese ultimately were able to breakthrough, by sheer weight of numbers. 6 Kumaon withdrew to occupy a defensive position at Walong. On 24 Oct morning, the Chinese contacted the main defences at Walong which by that time were being defended by two companies of 2/8 GR along with 4 SIKH battalion. However the higher command took a decision to withdraw 2/8 GR from Walong.


Consequently Capt Ghosh and his soldiers moved to the Garrison at Mechuka northwest of Walong. On 18 Nov 1962, the Garrison was asked to withdraw which included 2/8 GR and 11 Assam Rifles. Capt Ghosh as Adjutant of the battalion quickly made the operational plan for withdrawal along with his Commanding Officer Lt DA Taylor and put it into action. However during the withdrawal, Capt Ghosh and some of his comrades lost their lives while battling treacherous terrain and Chinese ambushes. Capt BB Ghosh was a valiant soldier and a fine officer, who laid down his life in the line of duty, following the highest traditions of Indian Army.

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  • Abhijit Ghosh

    2023at10:37 pm Reply

    I am younger brother of late capt. BB Ghosh. I can be contacted through my Delhi mob 9899958184 or email ID

    • Subrata Dutta

      2023at10:38 pm

      I salute you. I saw the obituary today in TOI and decided to write you. I worked in drdo for 5 years and stayed in those high alt area.

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